Generator middleware

Often times it is desirable to transform an entity in one way or another during processing in the generation pipeline. A simple yet effective way to achieve that is to use the middleware pattern.

In λ-blog a middleware is a Clojure function that takes an entity as a parameter and returns an entity as a result:

(defn hello-world-middleware [entity]
  (assoc entity :hello :world))

On the other hand, it might be useful to pass some additional argumentsx to a middleware. In this case, define a middleware builder:

(defn hello-*-middleware [what]
  (fn [entity]
    (assoc entity :hello what)))

Using middleware

By design, the middleware pattern is quite straightforward. All you need to do is to pipe some middleware functions in order you want them to execute:

(-> entity
    ;; ...

Things get tricky when we want to process nested entities. Fortunately, λ-blog has us covered with the lambda-blog.generator namespace:

  • (update entity key & middleware) - applies each middleware function in order on the (entity key) subentity,
  • (update-all entity key & middleware) - same as update, but applies middleware functions to each element of a sequence of subentities under (entity key),
  • (whenever entity predicate? & middleware) - applies each middleware function on the entity

Builtin middleware functions

A list of middleware available out of the box, as well as their descriptions can be found here.

Text substitutions

(substitute :where) is a useful middleware that will substitute all occurences of with corresponding :key's of the entity. For example:

user=> (-> {:contents "{​{fill-me-in}}"
            :fill-me-in "like-a so"}
          ((substitute :contents)))
{:contents "like-a so"
 :fill-me-in "like-a so"}

Another example:

To insert site title into a Markdown document, simply write "{​{title}}" and use the `substitute` middleware in your generation pipeline.

Turns into:

To insert site title into a Markdown document, simply write "Generator middleware" and use the substitute middleware in your generation pipeline.

Alternatively, you can use the (substitute-by :where) version of this middleware which evaluates each occurence of and applies it like a function to the entity:

user=> (-> {:contents "{​{(comp clojure.string/upper-case :fill-me-in)}}"
            :fill-me-in "like-a so"}
          ((substitute-by :contents)))
{:contents "LIKE-A SO"
 :fill-me-in "like-a so"}

Of course, substitutions can also be used in the embedded HTML code.

All writing licensed under Creative Commons License. All code released to the Public Domain unless otherwise specified.

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